Two years ago, I saw a post by Jen Reed where she had her students pick a famous person to interview and then they drew themselves with that person. I tried the unit with my then third graders, and was generally pleased with how it went.
However, my third grade curriculum has grown and changed, and I always find myself at a loss for what to teach my 2nd graders, so I decided this fall to move the unit down a grade and see what happened. I am really pleased with the results.
My first challenge was how to pick the subjects. I wanted there to be a balance of personalities, genders, and racial backgrounds, so I started by looking through PebbleGo to see who I wanted to pick out. Initially, I had thought about at some stage having the kids use picture book biographies to do at least some of their research (the way I did the first time I taught this unit), but circumstances changed and I had to abandon that plan. Still, I developed a solid list of personalities, identified potential book titles, and then tried to figure out how to "market" the personalities involved to my students.
At first, I had planned to set out the books and have the kids browse, but the more I thought about that idea, the more I worried that kids would pick solely based on artwork instead of interest, and I wanted to avoid that scenario. And then, inspiration struck. I would make the process "blind," so to speak. Each personality would have an index card with a factoid about them on it, but no other information. In some instances, it was easy to figure out who the person was (like Rosa Parks), but on the whole, I think my student teacher and I did a good job "disguising" the people involved.
Going blind was absolutely the right decision. Kids picked someone who they were genuinely interested in, and they didn't get hung up on gender or appearances. I also got a far wider range of people picked than I might otherwise have done: Susan B. Anthony, Muhammad Ali, Marian Anderson, Gandhi, Malala - the list goes on and on.
The next step was for kids to use PebbleGo to research their person. Kids had to write down three facts, but we explained that these facts would help them generate their interview questions, so they should avoid simple questions like where were you born, etc. Some students wrote down facts first, others went straight to writing their questions, but everyone did a great job.
Finally came illustrating their meeting and then recording in Chatterpix. I chose Chatterpix because despite knowing about it for years, I'd never really entertained it as a good fit for my curriculum until I taught a class on app smashing last winter. I loved what one of my students did with it, and it got me thinking about how to use it in my own curriculum. When I settled on teaching this biography project, I knew Chatterpix would be the perfect fit. It allowed me to add in student voices in a fun, entertaining way, and it kept the students engaged as well -they got a huge kick out of seeing their "mouths" move! This unit is definitely a keeper.
This semester, I have a student teacher working with me. As we've begun to talk and have him learn the ropes of my program it's been an interesting experience looking back and realizing how many things I've learned and absorbed over time, things that have become second nature to me but that I now have to be cognizant about in order to teach him. As I reflected on our first two weeks together, I realized that while he can easily observe me teach, there is a lot to my job that happens behind the scenes, in short conversations in the hallway or over lunch, or via email, and that's harder to get a sense for, but they are still vital parts of my job. They're also a large part of why I'm so busy and have such a hard time focusing on and finishing tasks (at least, that's what I tell myself!), but it's good, because it means I have an active, engaged library program. So, on a whim, I decided to write up a summary of my day on Thursday (he isn't with me that day) in order to give him the full picture of a day in my life. It turned into a pretty fascinating exercise, and I'm glad I did it, so I figure, why not share it here?
9:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.
12 p.m. - 3 p.m.
So there you have it. One snapshot of a busy, exciting, normal day in my library.
And I still haven't finished the hold slips...
At the end of the school year, my good friend Laura Gardner posted on Instagram and Twitter about how last year, she and her colleagues did a 30 book (or however many felt reasonable) challenge to read more middle grade/young adult books to better recommend them to students. It was such a success, they were repeating it this year, and she encouraged others to join in the fun. I made a post on Facebook, and encouraged by the response I got, sent out a staff-wide email. Before I knew it, 18 colleagues were participating. I created a Padlet for us to share our reading, and we were off.
Over the summer, we collectively read more than 100 books - a mixture of everything from picture books to adult and everything in between. I loved logging onto the Padlet and seeing what had been added and by whom, and the ensuing conversations, whether in person or via FB messenger. It was so much fun, we all grew as readers, and I got some stellar suggestions for my collection and ideas for my own reading (and vice-versa!). I cannot wait to do this again next summer, but I've promised to keep the Padlet going for whoever wants to keep posting over the course of the year. Hopefully I won't be alone!
If you want to see what people read, you can check out the hashtag on Instagram or on Twitter.
And how did I do? Well, I have set myself a yearly goal each year for the last 7 or 8 - I usually aim for 50. As a result of the summer reading challenge (21 kid/middle/young adult books, 7 grown up) , I blew straight through that goal, and hit my second goal of 75, so onwards to 100 I go! All my kid-appropriate books were reviewed on my work Instagram.
Over the past four years, I have attempted (in various ways) to teach immigration to my 4th graders, but I've never quite been satisfied with my lessons, and have never felt like I've adequately struck a balance between the past and the present.
And then 2016 happened, and the conversation shifted and everything felt more urgent and personal. Now the challenge became how to address the topic of immigration in all its complexity and nuance. At the heart of it all, I wanted my students to have some kind of empathy for the decisions that prompt people to immigrate (legally or otherwise) and the struggles immigrants have faced along their journeys.
This past winter, I took a course on Guided Inquiry Design, and I decided that even if I couldn't implement it 100% faithfully, I would borrow elements from it to help shape my unit. To start, I created poster-sized primary source images from different periods of immigration. I divided students into groups and asked them to write down their observations and thoughts on stickies. It was fascinating to listen to them and to read their observations - some were outright shocked at the blatant racism of the posters, others were not sure what they were looking at, but it got them thinking and wondering.
The next step was to debrief what we had looked at and to examine some statistics/charts/maps as a group. I would have liked to give the kids more time to dig in independently, but we were fast up against the end of the year. I put each of the images on a Padlet (free to copy and adapt!) along with some other questions for us to consider. I was really impressed with some of the thoughts kids came up with, especially as the context of some of the pictures became clearer to them. They wondered what might happen to the migrants riding on top of the trains if there were a thunderstorm, what it must be like to walk for miles and miles across Turkey and Europe. We talked about legal immigration and what barriers may exist for people who wish to immigrate legally, we talked about leaving behind everyone and everything you know to start a new life, and we talked about the risks involved.
The next step was to look at two excellent data sources from
At the start of this year, I posted about how I'd realized that my hybrid Dewey system wasn't quite working out the way I'd hoped. I don't regret my decision to hack my Dewey, but in my efforts to be precise, I made things overly complicated. Worse, my over-precision made it difficult for students, parents, and teachers alike to quickly and easily locate books, which was the whole reason for pursuing this insanity in the first place. I wanted to have my cake and eat it too - not shelve in strict Dewey order, but still retain a focus on the number and its importance, and that wasn't happening.
When I made that post, I had initially thought that we would still maintain subcategories but simplify them, so ANIMALS - Sea Mammals - Dolphins 599.53 ABC would becomes ANIMALS - Dolphins 599.53 ABC. Upon further reflection, this still seemed too complicated, so I decided to just use the category header and the Dewey number, but all numbers would be standardized to ensure they were located next to each other. As a result, all my books on Ancient Egypt now have a standard call number (932), allowing mummies, pyramids, daily life, and technology to all be shelved together. Furthermore, in an effort to be as kid-friendly as possible, we would avoid going past the tenths place unless absolutely necessary (for instance, in sports), and even then, we would stop at the hundredths place.
I also decided to split some sections and rename others. What this means is that my giant ELA section is now broken into separate sections on Fairytales, Folktales, Myths/Legends, Poetry and Writing. My animals section no longer has the dozen or so subcategories we'd been using (mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, rodents, sea mammals, big cats, primates, etc). Countries/Cultures + Continent + Country Name is now just Countries - DDN.
It is an incredible amount of work and relabeling, but I have a feeling it's going to pay off in a big way. I can already perceive a difference in how much easier it is to shelve and locate books because now there are only three pieces of information, category, DDN, and author's last name. I'm really excited to share this with students when we come back in the fall, and I truly think this will help strike the necessary balance between the hybrid and standard versions of Dewey. Other libraries may need more detail, but I think this will work for us.
Last year, I collaborated with my art teacher and engineering aideto do an interdisciplinary zoo project. Our first graders learned how to do research on habitats in the library using PebbleGo and BrainPop Jr., then they moved to the art room to begin learning about zoos, and finally we went to the engineering room to construct our habitats. It was a huge success, and we were excited to do it again this year. We kept the project the same with the caveat of only having one class in the engineering room at a time (instead of two) and during the presentation, decided to use the library as a space as well to ease up on the crowds.
The other innovation we added (post-production, as it were) was to incorporate stop motion into the project. I learned about the app KomaKoma at the EdTech Boston conference and introduced it to coworkers through a class I taught on video in the classroom. Rachel thought that it would be fun to add a stop motion component to the zoo project so that the students could move their animals around the habitat. It was time consuming but fun, and the kids LOVED the experience (even if the adults were the ones in control of the iPads).
Welcome to the Carlisle Zoo!
For the last three years, I've done book trailers with my 3rd graders. Before getting the iPads, we used Animoto, and I'd originally planned to just transfer the project to the Animoto app this year. And then I went to ISTE, where I learned about Adobe Spark Video. Intrigued, I played around with it, liked what I saw, and decided to take the plunge. Now that the project is done, I wanted to compare the two programs.
Hindsight is always 20/20, and in retrospect, assigning the kids computers and having them save their Animoto logins would have saved me a lot of time and effort. Since I didn't, it meant I was continually scrambling to log kids into their accounts, then locating their projects and loading them so that kids could get to work immediately. With Spark Video, I did have to create user accounts, but once an account was logged in, I didn't have to do anything else, and so kids could just grab their iPad, open the app, and get to work. Both sites allow you to register with a "fake" Gmail address (i.e. the teacher controls the main account and then creates endless +1, +2, etc accounts), which makes it easy for the teacher to control the process.
Adding Images to a Project:
Spark Video was a huge improvement for me on this front, though with a few trade-offs. On Animoto, kids had to use Google Images to search (we tried a few kid friendly image sites, but they didn't play nice with our browsers), drag the image to their desktop, then upload it into Animoto. This was a lot of steps for them to handle, and it also made it basically impossible for them to track URLs for citation purposes. As a librarian, I couldn't let this happen in good conscience, so I went in after the fact to recreate the citations through Tin Eye, which was about as much fun as you might imagine. Furthermore, there was no guarantee that the images being used were licensed for fair use, and the vastness of Google meant that a kid doing a book like Harry Potter could basically rip off stills from the movie, leaving little room for imagination.
With Spark Video, there is no immediate access to Google (the process would be Safari --> Google Images --> Camera Roll --> Spark Video --> Import image), which is a huge plus. The app has a built-in image search that looks at images tagged for fair use on Flickr, and kids simply tap an image they want to insert it into their video. The only quibbles I have are that there were a few inappropriate pictures that popped up (there were definitely some boobs!) and that keyword searches can be kind of unpredictable. However, the vast majority of kids were able to independently find images they wanted to use, and they took my chat about reporting inappropriate pictures to me seriously, which in turn allowed me to contact Spark support to flag and remove them from searches. The best part though, is that the app automatically generates citations for all images used. Oh, happy day.
While Animoto offers more options for backgrounds, I always had two issues with their layout. The first was that without fail, some of the most enticing backgrounds were only available to paid subscribers. As I recall, last year Animoto had done a better job of clearly labeling the 'pro' choices, but there were a number of kids who got frustrated and upset that their background of choice wasn't actually available to use. The other issue was that depending on the background chosen, the formatting of your images and text could change drastically. This led to some presentations having their images cropped weirdly, or zooming in unpredictably, and I didn't like the aesthetic.
Spark has a much smaller gallery of options to choose from, and only some of the backgrounds are actually customizable by color. This led to a few kids picking backgrounds where they had hoped to change the color, only to find they couldn't, but on the whole, it made it a lot easier for kids to pick their background and get to work instead of drowning in options. Huge plus for me. Layouts are also customizable by slide, with five basic options to choose from, which allows for a more standard presentation across backgrounds (though some templates will format images as circles rather than squares, for example). There is also no weird zooming. The length of each slide is customizable as well, which is nice.
Animoto has a more extensive music gallery, which is a definite plus, but I found that it was sometimes so large that most kids wound up using the same few tunes over and over again. Spark has a much smaller built-in collection, but it gets the job done.
Voice and Text
Animoto limits students to 140 characters per slide, but then subdivides that to a certain number of characters per line if you're doing a text slide. While this is a good idea in theory, it proved to be a really big challenge for third graders, who don't have the vocabulary to make good substitutions. Spark allows a fairly decent amount of text per slide, but what's even better is that it allows you to record voice as well. For some of my students who don't love to write, this was a huge bonus - they could still participate in the project and share what they knew without the hassle of writing. Win-win.
Cross Platform Compatibility
Both apps are accessible both from an iPad or from a desktop or laptop computer, which is awesome. Hooray for work being saved in the cloud!
So there you have it. I love Adobe Spark and won't be looking back. I'm really delighted with the final products and with how much more depth the projects had this year. The kids also loved using the app, and a number have told me that they're now using it at home as well, which is just awesome to know. Check out their great work!
My student/professional goal for this year is all about utilizing the new library iPads as creation (rather than consumption) tools. One of the projects I identified was teaching my 1st graders how to use Scratch Jr, a coding app designed for students who are pre-literate.
Scratch Jr. works by giving kids a built-in library of characters and backgrounds (though these can be edited or created by students) and simple blocks that use symbols in order to code their characters to create movement, action and sound. It's not as sophisticated as regular Scratch, but it does allow for a great deal of creativity at an age-appropriate level.
The premise of this unit was that students would create an original story following our group study of the beginning, middle and end of the story. I began by teaching them a few tutorials that introduced the different controls of the app (which I found here) and a few of the features they might want to use (we stopped at lesson 5 ). This part (which took about 3 weeks) was...frustrating for all concerned.
The biggest reason for this frustration was my assumption that students knew how to use the iPads confidently - after all, they use them in their classrooms. What I didn't consider was that when they use them, it's not for creation purposes, it's for skill practice, so there's little independent use of the devices involved. As a result, they were initially overwhelmed with all the functions of the Scratch Jr. app, and even struggled with how to apply the appropriate amount of pressure to the screen to delete or move characters around. I modeled, I used the ActivBoard, I handed out printed guides - but it was tricky getting them over the learning curves necessary to use the app successfully.
A student demonstrates their completion of the first Scratch Jr. tutorial, getting a car to move across a cityscape scene.
Just when I started to despair that this project was doomed to failure, I decided to stop the tutorials and see what happened. Students first had to plan out their story with basic storyboarding and get their story approved by me before they got an iPad. I did, however, allow them to use an iPad to look at the different backgrounds and characters for inspiration purposes.
And then, I just let them go.
The results were much better than I'd expected. Some kids figured out extremely sophisticated coding combinations, edited their characters or created original ones, added conversations, and used commands I never taught them. The majority of kids eventually found their feet and become more independent and comfortable using the app. The stories were fairly basic in terms of what happened on the screen, but the goal was to get them creating original projects, so from that standpoint, I'm pleased.
The next step was figuring out how to share their projects - Scratch Jr. is a fairly locked down app, which makes sharing difficult. And then I realized that I had the perfect solution - app smashing! It was a bit of a multi-step process, but it did the trick.
First, I used the Reflector app to broadcast the iPads to my laptop, then used the built-in recorder to film a video. Next, I used AirDrop to send the files to my iPad, then used iMovie to lengthen the videos. The exported videos were then added to Book Creator. This worked beautifully, because it allowed kids to record a verbal explanation of their story, exercise some editorial control over the title, font, and color, and have the video of their story play on the same page. Even better, Book Creator allows files to be exported as videos, so once they were done, I simply added the videos to my YouTube channel, then shared the link in each student's Seesaw folder.
We're still working our way through the recording process, and I have a few kiddos that are still working on their stories, but on the whole, I am pleased with how this project turned itself around. I surveyed two of my three classes to gauge their opinions on Scratch Jr., and the majority said they feel they can now use the app without much adult support and they would love to use the app for fun and for other curricular purposes in the future. Some even shared that they are now using the app at home, which was really great to hear.
Check out the stories that have been shared so far - more coming at a later date!
I will be the first to admit that I was initially very skeptical of the idea of a makerspace. I didn't see how it would really fit in with a school library program or why it should. Over the past year or so, I've been convinced of the merits, so much so that I actually proposed and am participating in a Makerspace-themed PLC at work for professional development this year. I haven't yet created a formal makerspace in my library, and I'm not sure I ever will, but I like the makerspace mindset/ethos, and I want to work it into my space somehow.
When Rachel and I presented at the Better Together conference this August, we both came away inspired by the idea of a makerspace. I got to thinking about how I want to do more outreach to my middle school students and encourage them to be in the library more often, and then I hit upon the idea of a monthly makerspace activity. I pitched the idea to Tahleen, the fabulous teen librarian at our local public library, and Ginny, my engineering teacher, and both said they would be happy to help.
The plan: One Friday a month, I will feature a makerspace-themed activity for students in grades 5-8. It has to be cheap, easy, and quick to do (students only have 45 minutes).
Challenge #1: Cardboard - it seemed fitting coming so close on the heels of the Global Cardboard Challenge.
Materials: Boxes of all shapes and sizes, duck tape (silver and colored), scissors, stapler, yarn, masking tape, exacto knife (from Ginny, only adults could use it), and a Pinterest page projected on the drop down screen of cardboard construction ideas.
The kids showed up, I explained the goal (create anything you want out of cardboard in 40 minutes) and set them loose. About ten kids came, and they had a blast. I was seriously impressed by what they managed to create in such a short period of time.
Check out their creations!
From left to right (top): A ball game - the ball goes in the top, then there are obstacles inside to navigate through, and finally "water" and a scoreboard. A doll house with two bedrooms. A zipline.
Bottom: A squid vending machine. A star-shaped mobile. A tent with a yarn curtain.
Serendipity is a wonderful thing.
Late last spring, I saw a post in one of the ISTE PLN's about an intriguing project that incorporated critical thinking, real-world problem solving skills, and 3D printing. Coincidentally, our engineering room had just gotten a Makerbot 3D printer, and Rachel (my art teacher) and I were on the lookout for a collaborative project for 3rd grade.
I explored the program some more and shared my thoughts with Ginny and Rachel, who both felt it was a great idea. Over the summer, Rachel and I met to plan the unit, figure out the logistics, and get a crash course in how to use Tinkercad, the free, web-based 3D printing creation tool that allows you to create files for the Makerbot that can then be printed. School started, and we chatted again about how we wanted to start, when Ginny hit upon the idea of having the kids get a "taste" of Tinkercad before we started the project, with the thought that we would give them a more in-depth introduction once they were ready to transform their clay prototypes into 3D printed designs.
We settled on having the 3rd graders create keychains - Tinkercad used to have a great tutorial on how to do this that disappeared between July and September, but since I'd done it before, I simply re-created each step and made a flipchart to show kids how to do it.
It was a success.
With a full 40 minute period, nearly every student was able to start, create and finish their 3D printed keychain design, which was then exported to the Makerbot software and printed out after the fact. The kids felt like they had accomplished something and were excited to hear we would be doing this project, and they couldn't believe that at the end of one class period, they had created everything they needed for a keychain (neither could we - we had budgeted two class periods for this).
It was also a good test run for the teachers to see how the kids responded to the software, what pitfalls we need to be on the lookout for, and which kids can serve as "helpers" when we get to the more complex stuff since they picked up these instructions so quickly.
My name is Ms. Bery. I am a PK-8 library media specialist in the Boston area. In addition to being a certified school librarian, I am also certified in instructional technology, and have a strong interest in exploring and integrating technology in new and exciting ways in the classroom.
I am also a 2016 PBS LearningMedia Local Digital Innovator, and a 2015 recipient of the Massachusetts School Library Association's President's Award.
Check out the Sandbox for apps and websites I've found useful in supporting student learning and creativity. I also review children's, middle grade, and young adult books on Instagram.
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